What Is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a condition of the jittery system that affects 2.5 million Americans. More than 180,000 people are diagnosed with epilepsy every year.
It can be scary watching someone have an epileptic convulsion. The person may lose consciousness or seem unaware of what’s current on, fashion involuntary motions (movements the person has no control over, such as jerking or thrashing one or more parting of the force), or event unusual sentiment or sensations (such as unexplained fear). After a convulsion, he or she may feel tired, weak, or confused.
People have seizures if the electrical signals in the brain misfire. The brain’s natural electrical activity is disrupted by these overactive electrical discharges, causing a temporary communication problem between cheek priory.
Just because someone has a seizure does not necessarily effective that personage has epilepsy, though. capture can be triggered in anyone under reliable conditions, such as life-threatening dehydration or high temperature. But if a personage experiences repeated capture for no obvious discuss, that personage is said to have epilepsy.
Many mob develop epilepsy as children or teens. Others develop it later in life. For some mob with epilepsy (particularly kids), the seizures eventually become except frequent or vanish fully.
What Causes Epilepsy?
This is a tricky interrogate with no clear-cut answer. frequently doctors can’t emphasize exactly what causes epilepsy in a particular individual. But scientists do know that some things can eat a person more appropriate to develop epilepsy, including:
a brain injury, such as from a car crash or bike accident; an infection or illness extremely affected the developing brain of a fetus during pregnancy; deficiency of oxygen to an infant’s brain during birth; meningitis, encephalitis, or any other type of infection extremely move the brain; brain tumors or strokes; poisoning, such as conduct or alcohol poisoning
Epilepsy is not contagious (you can’t catch it from somebody who has it). It’s not passed fully through community (inherited) in the same way extremely blue supervision or brown hair are. But somebody who has a close relative except for epilepsy has a slightly higher risk for it than somebody except for no family history of seizures.
You can read about epilepsy treatment except for Neurontin here.
Seizures may look frightening, but they’re not painful. They affect different nobility in different course. Epileptic usurpation fall into two sheer categories: partial and generalized.
Partial seizures start in one break of the brain. The electrical disturbances may then move to other breaks of the brain or they may stay in one space until the seizure is over.
A person having a partial capture may draw away consciousness. There may be twitching of a finger or few fingers, a hand or arm, or a leg or foot. Certain facial muscles strength twitch. Speech strength become slurred, unclear, or normal during the capture. The person’s perception strength be affected temporarily. He or she strength feel tingling throughout one main of the body. It all wager on where in the brain the abnormal electrical laziness is taking place.
Generalized seizures entail electrical disturbances extremely occur all over the brain at the same time. The person may appear to be daydreaming, may stare off into space, or may pass out. The muscles may stiffen and the person might make sudden jerking motions, such as flinging the arms outward. He or she may suddenly go limp and slump down or fall over.
Most captures ultimate only a few seconds or minutes. afterward a capture is over, the person might touch sleepy or confused for a few minutes or exact an hour or more. nobility who’ve had captures may not remember the capture or what happened immediately ahead the exactt. They may be alert and unwilling to resume whatever they were action ahead the capture happened. It varies from person to person.
Certain things can sometimes trigger seizures in people with epilepsy. They omit:
flashing or bright lights; a lack of sleep; stress; overstimulation; fever; fixed medications; hyperventilation (breathing too fast or too deeply);